Military ceremonials and the Ceremonials of the Church are intertwined

… what the ceremonies surrounding the Tomb are is the highest form of ART. It is living ART, not consisting of a mere two-dimensional representation, not consisting of inanimate objects, but ART consisting of human beings in action. The uniforms, the gait, the precise rubrics, words, gestures and movements – these all combine into a perpetual work of art that not only moves and inspires the people who witness it, but also accomplishes the goal of making tangible a RESPECT for and a REMEMBRANCE of all of the fallen unknown soldiers. The Tomb Guards walk their patrol whether anyone is there to see them do it or not. It isn’t a show. It is a service. It is a rite.

The Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is exactly what I just described, except that the Mass is the most perfect artistic action in the universe because the Mass is the artistic creation of God Himself. The Mass is SUPERNATURAL ART. The Holy Spirit taught the Church the Mass. The Mass is art that is so perfect that it actually causes something SUPERNATURAL to happen – it causes Heaven and Earth to touch, it causes time to be bent such that the moment of “now” touches and intersects with the moment of Calvary 1984 years ago, and it causes bread and wine to be transubstantiated into the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, made PHYSICALLY SUBSTANTIALLY PRESENT. Man calls down God, and God, in His infinite love, responds and fully submits in complete love, making Himself present on the Altar both at the moment of His death, and in His resurrection, so that He may go into us not only spiritually but also physically as Food.

More from Ann Barnhardt

Illustrated Catholic Study aims to present the immutable truths of the Christian faith, unencumbered by denominational concerns or political differences

The primeval events
that resulted in the Fall of Man

The totally gratuitous
saving works of God

Why we venerate
the Blessed Virgin Mary

The mystery
of our redemption

The spiritually vital mission
of the Holy Church

Our personal identity
in Jesus Christ

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Christianity’s 2,000 Year Timeline


Undisputed dates are in bold type. Christian events have been inserted, some tentatively, within this framework.

Year ADEvent 
 The Resurrection. 
 The leaders of the Jews persecute the first Christians. 
 Saul/Paul is converted. 
 Matthew composes his Hebrew gospel/ liturgy in Palestine. 
 Matthew’s gospel issued in Greek. 
 King Herod Agrippa executes the Apostle James the Great. 
 Peter escapes and flees to Rome. 
37-4141The other apostles spread out from Palestine.Theophilus is high priest of the JewsLuke writes his gospel for the GentilesLuke writes his ACTS 
44Kng Herod Agrippa dies. 
49Jews and Christians expelled from Rome following riots. 
 First of Paul’s epistles; some influenced by Matthew’s gospel. 
 Paul imprisoned by Romans. 
 A copy of Matthew’s Gospel taken to India. 
54Nero becomes emperor 
 The Apostle James the Less, bishop of Jerusalem, killed by stoning. 
The Christians are expelled from the Temple. 
 Paul asks Timothy to join him on a mission to Spain. 
 Paul released from prison. 
 Peter ordains Linus, Cletus and Clement as assistant bishops. 
 61Caesare Philipi renamed Neronius 
 John writes twenty chapters of his Gospel 
64 JulyRome devastated by fire. 
64 Oct 13thSt. Peter’s martyrdom (See this site: B 104). 
 65 SpringNero enlarges his persecution of Christians. 
 Linus replaces Peter as bishop of Rome. 
66Jewish rebellion in Palestine. 
 Paul goes to Spain. 
68 earlyJerusalem surrounded for first time by Romans. 
68 JuneSuicide of Emperor Nero followed by civil strife. This leads to the Roman troops, surrounding Jerusalem, being withdrawn. 
 Mark distributes larger second edition of Peter’s talks. 
 Paul returns from Spain and visits Asia and Crete. 
 Paul writes an epistle to the Hebrew Christians in Jerusalem. 
 The Hebrew Christians flee from Jerusalem to Pella. 
 Paul again imprisoned in Rome and then martyred. 
 69 Galba dies trying to become emperor. 
 69Vitellius dies trying to become emperor. 
 69Otho dies trying to be come emperor. 
 69Vespasian becomes emperor 
 69Vespasian renews war in Palestine 
 69 Romans surround Jerusalem for second time. 
 Clement of Rome replies to Corinthians on behalf of Linus. 
 70 AugJerusalem captured. 
 70The Temple is destroyed 
 81 AboutLinus dies. 
 Cletus replaces him as bishop of Rome 
 Hypothetical Council of Jamnia (about 85-100). 
91Domitian starts persecution 
92 AboutCletus dies 
 Clement becomes bishop of Rome. 
 Clement, exiled by Romans to the Crimea. 
96 AboutJohn the Apostle adds final chapter to his Gospel. 
 John the Apostle dies. 
98Trojan becomes emperor. 
 Clement dies and Evaristus replaces him as bishop of Rome. (about 101). 
 Papias (about 130) records that Mark wrote down Peter’s words.Justin Martyr reports (161 – 165) that Apostles wrote Gospels. 
 Prologues use Matthew-John-Luke-Mark sequence and report Peter’sapproval of Mark’s Gospel. 
 Ireneaus (about 180) familiar with the Matthew-Luke-Mark sequence. 
 Clement of Alexandria states (about 200) that the Gospels of Matthew and Luke were the first to be written. 
 Tertullian (about 212) uses Luke prior to Mark three times. 
 Origen (about 250) uses Matthew-Mark-Luke tradition. 
312-323Eusebius writes his ‘Ecclesiastical History’. 
 Augustine (about 380) says Matthew-Mark-Luke order is as ‘received’. 
 Jerome (about 383) chooses Matthew-Mark-Luke-John sequence for his Latin New Testament (The Vulgate). 
 Augustine (about 420) writes that Mark used Matthew and Luke. 
 Ambrosiaster (about 480) refers to Matthew-Luke-Mark-John sequence. 
1546Council of Trent confirms which books are Sacred. 
18th C.The skill of literary analysis (internal evidence) develops. 
18th C.Henry Owen proposes Matthew-Luke-Mark sequence. 
19th C.Against Christian opposition, Bismarck enforces Markan Priority in 
 German universities, so it triumphs in that country. 
18701893190219031912First Vatican Council endorses decree of Council of Trent.Rome insists witness of historians, not on internal evidence.Pontifical Biblical Commission (PBC) established.Rome launches an anti-Modernist Crusade.PBC bans the teaching of Markan Priority in Catholic establishments. 
20th C.Markan Priority spreads in Protestant countries. 
1943Rome in ‘Divino Afflante Spiritu’ permits some use of internal evidence. 
19652nd Vatican Council (Dei Verbum) maintains the historicity of the Gospels, bugospels, but allows greater freedom of research and opinion.  
1965-2011Markan Priority theory spreads quickly within the Catholic Community. Greatly influences Catechetic teachings. 
30 Sept.2010Apostolic Constitution, ‘Verbum Domini’, reads: “As Dei Verbum reminds us, Jesus Christ commanded the Apostles to preach the Gospel…This was … carried out by those Apostles and others associated with them who committed the message of salvation in writing”.

Courtesy of Church In History Website

What do Kellogg’s Breakfast Cereal and Phallus-preserving Vaginoplasty have in common?

Rod Dreher explains, in this timely, wide ranging article.

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The primeval events
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The totally gratuitous
saving works of God

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the Blessed Virgin Mary

The mystery
of our redemption

The spiritually vital mission
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Our personal identity
in Jesus Christ

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Much has been taught and written about the Ascension of Jesus Christ,
but there’s one thing that makes it especially significant:

As the sin prone, all too human descendants of Adam and Eve,
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On the other hand, Jesus’ perfect humanity and his awesome divinity
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with absolutely NO possibility
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A pure and perfect man now reigns in Heaven.
Not merely a divine advocate, but a divine man, indeed!

That same divine man loves us with an inestimable love
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having already shed the very last drop of his precious blood,
for the purpose of our salvation.

That should give us all something which to faithfully aspire
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New report on the current status of Father John Corapi

Journalist Matt C. Abbott reports:

Previously in this column, I’ve featured the work of Catholic author, radio host and evangelist Jesse Romero (see here and here).

Romero, who has an excellent reputation in Catholic circles, graciously provided me with the following update on Father John Corapi (lightly edited by me):

I was told by the superior general of his order (SOLT), Father Peter Marsalek, back in 2016 as we were driving from the airport to speak at a Catholic parish, that Father Corapi had reconciled with his order.

He’s living the life of a monk in a monastery and has medical problems.

He will never speak in public again—by his choice and his superior’s choice as well.

Link to full story

The apple (Chelsea Clinton) doesn’t fall far from the tree (Hillary)


Chelsea evidently has big problems with reading comprehension, leading her to Tweet (while attending a Vatican sponsored conference, no less) the utter blasphemy that Jesus would support abortion.

Not too long ago, Chelsea’s mother, Hillary, demonstrated a similar high level of ignorance while on an official, U.S. Secretary of State visit to the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe, in Mexico City.

Seeing the miraculous image of Our Lady of Guadalupe, Mrs. Clinton asked the Basilica’s rector, Msgr. Monroy, “Who painted it?”

That was shortly after Hillary traveled to Greece, to lecture the citizens there, about Democracy.

You can’t make this stuff up!

Thanks to Canon 212 and A Priest Life Blog for the tip.