An interesting chronicle of the trial proceedings and death of St. Joan of Arc

Asked if she knew she was in God’s grace, she answered: ‘If I am not, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.’ Notary Boisguillaume later testified that at the moment the court heard this reply, “Those who were interrogating her were stupefied.”

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Haiti cannot be understood apart from the voodoo that is everywhere. And Haitian voodoo is like nothing else in the world.

Modern voodoo traces back to the arrival of the first slaves to the former French colony of Saint-Domingue (now Haiti) in the second half of the 17th century. These slaves were predominately from the empire of Dahomey — a region that is today comprised of Benin, Togo, and Nigeria. By the late 1700s, there were nearly 500,000 slaves in the French colony.

Sold into servitude by their own people, most were believed to be criminals and prisoners of war. Others were tribal priests “that resisted the total reign of the monarchy over the empire’s religious life,” writes Shannon Turlington, author of Voodoo. These holy men brought their religion to Haiti. And it caught fire. Religion was the one thing the masters couldn’t take from their slaves. Continuing the tribal worship was the one link they had to the lives they led before they were taken. Over time, though, the rites evolved and combined, as the various tribal groups mixed and merged with one another. In Secrets of Voodoo, Milo Rigaud notes, “The result of such tribal fusion was that two different groups more or less combined their beliefs, thereby creating in the new slave community a voodoo rite, which to this day is not ‘pure.'”

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Why Is The Nativity Scene Sometimes Called A “Cresh”

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Q: Why is the Nativity scene sometimes called a “Cresh”

A: “Cresh”  (Crèche) is the French word for “crib”.