Father Z: How anyone can perform a baptism in an emergency

In case of an emergency, anyone – even a non-believer – can baptize an infant validly.  They must cause water to flow on the head while saying – and it must be the same person – the words “I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit.”  That short form and the pouring of water on the head is all that is needed for valid baptism in an emergency.  Some medical personnel, such as nurses, will often be sensitive during emergencies and will even know what to do.

If the water cannot for some reason be poured on the head, then it can be poured over another part of the body.  If that is the case, however, then there must be a conditional baptism performed if the child survives.

In either case, when the child survives the full rites surrounding the baptism should be celebrated when possible.

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What makes up 96% of the universe? Only God knows!

A popular hypothesis is that dark matter is formed by exotic particles that don’t interact with regular matter, or even light, and so are invisible. Yet their mass exerts a gravitational pull, just like normal matter, which is why they affect the velocities of stars and other phenomena in the universe. [Video: Dark Matter in 3D]

However, try as hard as they might, scientists have yet to detect any of these particles, even with tests designed specifically to target their predicted properties.

“I think on the dark matter side there is some discouragement among the people who are kind of mid-career,” Panek said. “They went into this field thinking, ‘OK, we’re going to solve this problem and then we’ll build from there.’ But 15, 20 years later, they’re saying, ‘I’ve invested my career in this and I don’t know if I’m going to find anything in my lifetime.'”

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